What is periodontics?

Periodontics is a specialized field of dentistry dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of periodontal diseases. These diseases include gingivitis and periodontitis, which affect the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. These tissues include the alveolar bone, the periodontal ligament, and the gums.

Periodontics also focuses on the treatment of gum disease, the maintenance of healthy periodontal tissues, and the regeneration of damaged periodontal tissue.

At Vila Dental, we address diseases related to the support structures of the teeth, including the gums, periodontium, and alveolar bone.

What does periodontics treat?

The most common diseases in the field of periodontics are gingivitis and periodontitis. Both manifest as inflammation of the tissues, such as the gums, which can lead to bleeding and bad breath. In more severe cases, they can result in tooth loss.

1What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is an inflammatory gum disease caused by the buildup of bacterial plaque. The accumulation of bacterial plaque results in the inflammation and redness of the gums, as well as bleeding when brushing the teeth. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, a more severe disease that can lead to tooth loss.
2What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is an inflammatory gum disease characterized by the destruction of the supporting tissues of the tooth, such as the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, and surrounding tissues. This disease develops when tartar and bacterial plaque accumulate on the teeth and gums, causing chronic inflammation that affects the periodontal tissue. Periodontitis has serious consequences for the teeth because the inflammation can destroy the bone around the tooth, leading to progressive mobility and eventually tooth loss. Most of the population is unaware of this disease, which makes it more serious. That's why it's important to attend regular check-ups and have cleanings at least once a year. Once the disease has developed, there are effective treatments, depending on the severity of each case, which fall under the dental specialty called periodontics.


If you have any doubts or questions, you can call us, send us a WhatsApp message, or an email. Alternatively, you can visit us in person; we will be delighted to assist you.